Shearman & Sterling LLP multinational law firm headquartered in New York City, United States.

当事務所のファンドチームはニューヨーク、ロンドン、香港、北京、東京オフィスの弁護士を中心に構成され、全世界のオフィスと連携して業務にあたっています。当事務所は、多領域にわたる知識とグローバルに統合された執務体制を強みにして、全世界のクライアントに総合的なファンド関連の法的サービスを提供しています。これまで当事務所は、南北アメリカ、アジア、ヨーロッパ、アフリカのファンドスポンサーや投資家が直面する課題に対し革新的な法的アドバイスを提供し解決に導く支援を行った豊富な経験を有しています。当事務所は、ファンドスポンサーとその投資戦略及び対象とする投資家それぞれの競合する要請を考慮しつつ複雑な規制や税制面に関して調整する能力に長けています。現在のマーケット状況だけではなく今後のクライアントのビジネス目的や特化したニーズも踏まえてファンドの組成やドキュメンテーションなどを行うことで、当事務所はクライアントからの高い評価を得ています。

当事務所は、登録・非登録の投資ファンドとそのアドバイザーに対しファンド取引および規制関連のあらゆる問題に対し定期的に法的サービスを提供しています。特に、以下のような事項につき頻繁に助言しています。

  • SMAを含む私募ファンド、登録ファンドその他ファンド商品のストラクチャリング、組成、販売
  • 投資のストラクチャリングと共同投資
  • アセットマネージャーのM&A、スピンアウト
  • セカンダリーセール
  • 内部管理体制の整備
  • 米国投資顧問法、米国投資会社法、米国証券法、米国商品取引法、英国金融サービス・市場法、オルタナティブ投資ファンド運用会社規制(AIFMD)その他規制の登録、免除、順守
  • 民事及び刑事訴訟、規制当局による執行手続き、規制当局による捜査手続き(インサイダー取引に関する捜査事案を含む)
  • 外国口座税務コンプライアンス法(FATCA)を含む税規制関連及び従業員退職所得保障法(ERISA)関連

当事務所の主だったクライアントには、著名なグローバルファンドマネージャーがスポンサーしたプライベートエクイティファンド、ヘッジファンド、不動産ファンド、ベンチャーキャピタルファンド、登録ミューチュアルファンド(オープン型・クローズ型)、UCITSファンドなどが含まれます。また、当事務所は、公的・企業・私的年金基金、個人投資家、寄付、ファンドオブファンズ、政府系ファンド、準政府機関投資家を含む様々な投資家にも助言しています。さらに、当事務所は、国際的な金融機関の資産管理部門、ファミリーオフィス、機関投資家、商品先物基金運営者(CPO)、著名なファンド管理者も代理しています。

ファンド組成 

hearman & Sterling regularly advises investment funds and their sponsors on all aspects of raising capital, including the structuring and formation of numerous forms of alternative investment products and managed account services. We are also experienced at structuring a global overlay to existing local fund structures to position funds for offerings in the United States, Europe and Asia.

Our fund formation attorneys regularly draw upon their experience in advising on the structuring, formation and ongoing operations of the following:

  • Private equity funds
  • Hedge funds
  • Private equity funds of funds
  • Registered and unregistered funds of hedge funds
  • Real estate funds
  • Hybrid funds
  • Infrastructure funds
  • Registered mutual funds
  • Debt funds
  • Registered investment companies
  • Co-investment funds
  • Registered closed-end funds
  • Distressed asset funds
  • Exchange traded funds (ETFs)
  • Venture capital funds
  • Mutual fund wrap fee programs
  • Segregated portfolio companies
  • Principal protected funds
  • Captive funds
  • Business development companies
  • Pledge funds
  • Specialized pools for structured finance instruments
  • Feeder funds
  • Shari’ah compliant funds

We understand the unique tax structures of investment vehicles across jurisdictions and are familiar with various local pension structures and investment requirements. Our team has strong relationships with placement agents and other fund service providers.

ヘッジファンド 

Shearman & Sterling has long served as counsel to many of the world’s largest and most successful hedge fund firms, an array of emerging managers and numerous other market participants that have played pivotal roles in shaping the hedge fund industry. Our full-service hedge fund team is led by lawyers based in New York, London and Hong Kong, with support from our global network of offices.

Utilizing a multidisciplinary approach, our lawyers work together to provide our hedge fund sponsor and investor clients with integrated advice on all aspects of their most important and challenging business goals. Our global platform enables us to provide seamless guidance on cross-border matters, as well as the continually evolving regulations that impact the hedge fund industry globally.

We regularly advise hedge fund sponsors and investors on fund formation and operational matters, including valuation, liquidity, high-frequency trading and management company structures, as well as tax, ERISA and incentive compensation matters. We provide counsel on leveraged transactions, derivatives and trading, strategic investments and asset manager M&A. In addition, we assist our clients with regulatory compliance matters, such as SEC, CFTC, FCA and SFC registrations and exemptions, Dodd-Frank Act and Volcker Rule analysis, and advice on the AIFMD and EMIR. We also assist our hedge fund clients with regulatory inspections, investigations, litigation and enforcement defense (including insider trading and anticorruption matters).

プライベートエクイティファンド 

Utilizing our global, multidisciplinary platform, Shearman & Sterling’s Private Equity Funds team advises fund managers and investors around the globe on the full spectrum of private equity fund matters. Our experienced attorneys based in North America, Europe and Asia collaborate seamlessly to deliver integrated advice on complex cross-border matters.

We regularly advise fund sponsors and investors on the design and development of investment products and services, including private equity funds, private equity funds of funds, venture capital funds, debt funds and infrastructure funds. Clients come to us for advice on how to achieve the most advantageous investment structures from an economic, tax, legal and regulatory perspective.

We regularly assist clients with:

  • Fund structuring and formation (including tax and ERISA structuring)
  • Transactional matters, including private equity M&A, co-investments, capital markets transactions (including IPOs), recapitalizations and portfolio company financings
  • Ongoing business matters, including secondary sales, transfers, spin-outs, seed investments and asset manager M&A
  • Internal arrangements, including leverage facilities, management company structures, succession issues, employee incentive plans and other employment matters
  • Troubled portfolio companies, including restructurings, bankruptcy and litigation, and investor defaults
  • Structuring a global overlay to existing local fund structures to position private equity funds for offerings in the United States, Europe and Asia

Our private equity M&A team has in-depth experience advising and executing on a wide array of private equity and venture capital investments worldwide. By using our cross-border and interdisciplinary capabilities, we regularly advise clients across numerous industries on ERISA matters, optimal tax structuring and other investment structuring matters.

プライベートファンド投資家 

Shearman & Sterling regularly represents major investors in the global private fund asset class, including sovereign wealth funds, family offices, corporations, funds of funds, high-net-worth individuals, pensions, endowments, private foundations, charitable organizations and quasi-governmental organizations, including development finance institutions. We assist our clients with reviewing and negotiating fund structures and fund documents, as well as managed accounts, in light of market terms and their specialized needs.

Our experienced attorneys assist fund investors with all aspects of their investments, including negotiating side letters, resolving tax, regulatory, policy and reporting matters, assisting with investment closings and advising on post-closing fund manager communications and amendment requests. For clients that have an ongoing private fund investment program, we also prepare terms checklists and template side letters to help ensure consistency across investments. In addition, we have significant experience advising on portfolio sales, co-investments and investments in asset managers.

We also work with our Financial Institutions Advisory & Financial Regulatory team to represent global financial institutions and their investment management divisions in the creation of customized investment products for their high-net-worth and institutional clients, including private equity and hedge feeder funds, managed accounts and direct investment programs. We advise on the most advantageous investment structures from an economic, tax, legal and regulatory perspective. Our financial institution clients value the range of global capabilities we offer for all aspects of their investment management businesses.

登録ファンド 

Drawing on our wealth of knowledge and experience, we regularly advise fund management organizations, fund families and independent directors with respect to funds registered under the U.S. Investment Company Act and European regulatory regimes. Our clients include both traditional mutual fund firms as well as innovative registered investment companies. Our team has been instrumental in the formation and structuring of groundbreaking registered funds products, including one of the first and now the largest registered fund of hedge funds. We have also been involved in some of the highest-profile launches of “registered alternatives” vehicles.

Clients regularly come to us for assistance on structuring, formation and launch of registered investment funds, regulatory inspection and enforcement matters as well as corporate transactions involving U.S. asset management businesses. In the United States, we counsel clients on SEC and other regulatory inspection and enforcement matters and represent registered funds and advisers before the SEC, FINRA, CFTC, NFA and FCA. In the United Kingdom, we advise fund managers, advisers and promoters on the boundaries of U.K.-regulated activities. We are also experienced in EU-wide legislation relating to the registration of regulated funds (UCITS), the structuring, establishment and marketing of those funds and the marketing of transferable securities.

In addition, we have extensive experience advising on corporate transactions (adviser and sub-adviser arrangements, M&A activity, joint ventures, strategic alliances, spin-outs, restructuring matters and changes in portfolio management) involving U.S. asset management businesses, including acquisitions and mergers of individual registered funds (“fund adoptions”) and fund complexes.

不動産ファンドとREIT 

Shearman & Sterling maintains a diverse and sophisticated Real Estate Funds practice, offering our clients demonstrated experience across the full range of real estate fund sectors. With team members across the firm, we provide the full breadth of knowledge and capabilities relevant to real estate fund formation, fund management and co-investment transactions.

Our cross-border and multi-disciplinary team advises clients on the design and development of a variety of products covering multiple asset classes, including real estate equity funds (core, core plus, value-added and opportunistic), real estate debt funds and Shari'ah compliant funds. We assist our clients with fund formation, tax planning, co-investment structuring, property acquisitions and dispositions, financing and leasing transactions, REIT offerings and internal sponsor arrangements. Our experience includes the formation and structuring of both closed-end and open-end funds.

We have significant REIT experience that is recognized throughout the globe. We have advised on the organization, financing and management of REITs for decades, and our transactions cover REITs with investments in all classes of REIT-qualified assets, including office, retail, hotel, residential, multifamily, data center, industrial, student housing and GSA properties.

Clients come to us for assistance in drafting fund documentation, preparing related agreements (including property management, leasing and credit agreements) and negotiating with investors and other counterparties. We also provide structuring and formation advice on feeder and blocker vehicles (including private REITs) that might be utilized for the benefit of particular categories of real estate fund investors (including non-U.S. and U.S. tax exempt investors).